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What Processes can RPA Automate ?

Updated: Feb 21, 2022

RPA might be like a Magic Genie. But as soon as people learn about RPA, they want to know:

  • Which processes can RPA automate ?

  • Does it have any restrictions ?

  • What type of processes does it work best with ?

In this blog post, we will try to answer this question. Hopefully, this will help our readers understand where all they can use RPA

1. Stable Processes

RPA should only be used to automate a stable and mature process. Automating an unstable process will not give good returns.

When you ask us “what processes RPA can automate for my organization ?”. Then our recommendation will be to stabilize the process you want to automate first

2. Rule Based

The process that RPA automates must be rule based.

  • It should not require too much manual intervention or exception handling for Ad-hoc decision making.

  • Example of rules based process: As long as a customer placed their order within last 30 days RPA should create a return order if the customer's number is in the Excel file fed to it.

  • Example of exception driven process: If a customer's number is in Excel file fed to RPA bot and they placed their order outside last 30 days but if they are amongst our top customers that give us 50% of our orders then send it for supervisor who then has to use discretion. This means this process will go for supervisor's review quite a few times.

3. Digital

The process to be automated must be triggered through digital means . For example : Email received , file received , document created, clicking of a button etc.

A process without a Digital touchpoint cannot be automated by RPA.

4. High Volume

The highest ROI can be achieved with RPA for processes that process high transaction volumes . Like Sales order entry , Purchase order entry , Invoice creation etc. Look at the below 2 examples to understand how different volumes of transactions can give very different savings with RPA for the same automation.

Which of the 2 processes will give higher savings using RPA ?

Process details

Process 1

Process 2

Total number of employees involved



Time taken by employee to enter one order

30 Minutes

30 Minutes

Average number of daily orders received by company



Time taken by RPA Bot operated by an employee to enter one order

5 Minutes

5 Minutes

Employees needed for process after implementing RPA



How much $ savings does RPA give you in a year ?

Process details


Process 1

Process 2

$ saved by RPA per day

Number of FTEs reduced X Hours worked by an FTE per day X Hourly rate

= 6 X 8 X 20 = $960

= 8 X 20 = $160

$ saved by RPA per month

Average working days in a month X Saving per day

= $960 X 20 = $ 19200

= $160 X 20 = $ 3200

$ saved by RPA per year

12 X $ Saving per month

= $19200 X 12 = $ 230,400

= $ 3200 X 12 = $ 27,400

Conclusion :

Higher the volume of transactions in the process automated by RPA, better is the return.

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